Develop a C program that declares a structure and initializes the structure variable and displays the size of that variable using sizeof( ) operator


// C program to illustrate
// size of struct
#include <stdio.h>

int main()

struct A {

// sizeof(int) = 4
int x;
// Padding of 4 bytes

// sizeof(double) = 8
double z;

// sizeof(short int) = 2
short int y;
// Padding of 6 bytes

printf("Size of struct: %ld\n", sizeof(struct A));

return 0;


The sizeof for a struct is not always equal to the sum of sizeof of each individual member. This is because of the padding added by the compiler to avoid alignment issues. Padding is only added when a structure member is followed by a member with a larger size or at the end of the structure.

Different compilers might have different alignment constraints as C standards state that alignment of structure totally depends on the implementation.